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THE WHITE MUZZLELOADING SYSTEM
The reality of a Muzzleloading System that would do away with most of the problems that have plagued muzzleloading hunters for centuries wasn't something that happened all at once. It has been long apparent that muzzleloading arms could stand a lot of improvement. History shows that other students of the art, a century and a half ago, got started in the right direction but never completed their journey. They lacked the tools and time, measured in decades, to do it. In fact, the multi-patented White Muzzleloading System had to await computer numerical controlled (CNC) tooling before it became practical, cost and industrially effective.
A Unique Combination
The White Muzzleloading System has proven to be a unique combination of traditional, time proven practices and newly developed muzzleloading technology. White has been singularly positioned in time to take full advantage of the best efforts of the past and combine them with the finest thinking, designs, machine tools and technology of the present, creating a fully Design Integrated System.
The result is a shooting system that greatly enhances the ability of the muzzleloading shooter to center his target and the muzzleloading hunter to humanly and efficiently harvest game with minimum damage to the resource, ie- less lost game..
This big boar wasn't lost. Gumby dumped him with a single shot from his G-series Whitetail rifle using 100 grains PyrodexP and a 440 grain PowerPunch bullet.
The White Muzzleloading System does this by utilizing fast loading elongated, channelured and lubricated lead bullets or plastic sabots, sized to within 1/1000th inch of the land to land diameter of the barrel.
The bullet or sabot is lubricated with a space age lubricant and loads with a single easy swoop of the ramrod over a low residue black powder replacement. A short starter is not needed. This means that the bullet nose is never deformed by being pounded into the rifling. Instead, the bullet engages the rifling when it shortens and bellies out with the inertia of firing. The inherent inertia of the long, soft lead bullet allows this to happen. The result is unbelievable power and accuracy combined with quick and accurate repeat shots, features otherwise unmatched in the muzzleloading world.
Slip-Fit PowerPunch bullets, 45 X 435 and 460 grains, sized at .450 to fit .451 barrels with fast 1-20 twists. Ballistic Coefficients are in the 30's. Elk killers all. Expect the same performance from these as you would a 45/70 or 45/120.
The White Shooting System got its start in the 1850's when Sir Joseph Whitworth, an acknowledged genius in his own time, was asked by the British military to improve the then pre-eminent Minie Ball and the Enfield rifle that shot it. Whitworth employed John Rigby, a famous London gunmaker, and set up a 500 yard covered firing range at his estate outside of London. His report of 1853 recommended a fitted hexagonal bullet 3½ times longer than its diameter, weighing 530 grains, which demonstrated astounding accuracy and ballistic properties compared to the then current Minie Ball. Later trials showed it capable of 20 inch groups at 800 yards, a distance at which the common Enfield rifle with Minie Ball had a hard time grouping on the eight foot diameter target.
Whitworth's attention turned to cannon shortly after, but Rigby continued working with the long bullets over the next two decades. His work stimulated Henry, Medford, and others, who substantially contributed to long-range muzzleloading. Their later rifles shot long paper-patched or multigrooved, lubricated, closely fitted lead bullets with round cross section.
Whitworth's original hexagonal bores with fitted bullets had been found to be very accurate but fouled badly, requiring cleaning between shots, a condition that hunters and soldiers could not tolerate.
Indeed, Rigby's muzzleloading rifles were good enough to nearly beat a team of American Sharps and Remington breechloading rifle shooters in the 1868 Creedmore matches on Long Island. Or at least they would have if not for a misplaced shot by one of the Irish shooters.. These matches were shot at 800 yards, iron sights, any position. And the Rigby rifles did not require cleaning between shots while the American breechloaders did.
Later, in our own time, after becoming enamored of Whitworth's bold and innovative approach, I had the unique opportunity to further improve on Whitworth's and Rigby's original work. My refinements were developed over a 30 year period beginning in the early 1960's. Fragile paper patches and hexagonal bores were discarded and multi-channelured bullets sized to near land-to-land diameter were substituted, with optimization of the number, width and depth of bullet channelures. This enhanced first shot accuracy as well as the repeatability of accurate shots without cleaning between shots.
I also worked on improving the shape of the bullet nose, eventually developing a tapered nose with broad meplat to foster rapid expansion.. This seemingly contradictory design resulted in maximum penetration and expansion of the long bullets in big game animals while maintaining excellent flight performance.
The development of much superior lubricants, with micro-sized lube components, in the same time frame, provided a significant breakthrough, in this case taking advantage of machinery and techniques that were originally developed for the space program.
Moose killed on the Chistochena, Alaska, 1972, with the first rifle to use the White Muzzleloading System, an original English double percussion by John Hayton, rebarreled with Douglas 1-20 twist barrels in 451 caliber, using a 475 grain bullet originally for the Winchester 45/110, sized down to .450 with 70 grains Dupont ffg Black Powder..
Equally important was the commercial availability of lower residue Black Powder substitutes, the first and so far most effective being Hodgden's Pyrodex P, closely followed if not matched by Hodgdens 777 powder.
Refinement of barrel bore sizes, rifling groove depth and width, shape of rifling to match the new bullets and special rifling techniques were important as well.
When it became obvious that the new bullet-barrel system operated at far higher pressures than ordinary round balls or shorter elongated bullets, I developed hardened steel nipples and one-piece nipple-breechplugs that last a shooter's lifetime and adopted modern 'gun barrel quality' (GBQ) barrel steels matching the high pressure performance of the longer White designed bullets.
Eventually, (over a period of years), I developed the functionally elegant White Super-91 in-line action and later the currently produced Model 98 Elite Hunter, and assisted David Gumucio with his G-series action design used in the White Whitetail and Bison Rifles and currently in the Model 97 Whitetail Hunter
An original Super 91 side-swing safety, blocking the pull cock. Only the first 600 rifles carried this feature.
I also developed the White Shooting-Star hollow point saboted bullet with lubricated and channelured SuperSabot, and later the PowerStar saboted bullet, both of which operate on White Muzzleloading System principles. Both of these saboted bullets load easily with only a slight interference fit between the plastic sabot and the barrel, then belly up upon firing, pushing the leaves of the sabot into the rifling for an accurate shot. Both sabots are lubricated, a patented feature that makes reloading much easier because of less plastic fouling, while enhancing accuracy and velocity.
The fantastic PowerStar saboted bullet, here shown in 50 caliber with .40 caliber hollow pointed bullet weighing 435 grains. Best shot I ever made with one of these was a bull caribou at 240 yards, knocking him flat, 'tits up' as they say.
More recently, I have developed a sidelock Manton style percussion sporting- target rifle, a side hammer in-line rifle based on Pauley's original design of 1812, the Tominator turkey shotgun capable of 90-95% patterns, the 209 shotgun primer using bolt action ThunderBolt, the unique two-handed Javelina pistol with bracing sling, the smaller Bobcat pistol and the Model K, with action under the stock and ramrod on top of the barrel and a unique Side Lever Safety. Current work includes both a locking block action and a swivel breech rifle for use with 209 primers and Pyrodex pellets and a new concept in primers to withstand the pressures of smokeless loads.
White System Advantages
The White Muzzleloading System offers several distinct advantages to the muzzleloading hunter. It's inherent accuracy and devastating knockdown power even at extended muzzleloading ranges are legendary. It's the only muzzleloading system that can truly claim over 1000 ft. lbs. of residual energy at 200 yards, even with the smallest .410 caliber bullet. The biggest bullets claim over 1600 ft lbs of energy at 200 yards.
Fast and Easy Reloadability
The System's fast and easy reload-ability is vitally important. The enhanced lead bullets are a bare slip fit, with 1/1000th inch windage between bullet and barrel lands, while saboted bullets load only a touch harder. This allows the hunter to quickly ram the bullet down the barrel with a single practiced swoop of the ramrod and without having to beat the bullet into the bore with short starter or hammer. It's possible to push it down onto the powder charge with just single finger pressure on the ramrod, even without cleaning between shots. This allows an exceptionally fast second shot, with loading times as short as 12-15 seconds available to the practiced shooter using a speed reloading aid such as the White Quickcharger and White-designed bullets.
If used with Pyrodex or the newer Cleanshot or Clearshot, the White Muzzleloading System will give the muzzleloading shooter the ability to fire shot after accurate shot all day long without stopping to clean or swab the bore. Use of Black Powder is admittedly less advantageous but even then the System offers more shots between cleanings than any other bullet-barrel-lubricant combination.
The White Muzzleloading System also offers greater safety than usual. One of the bugaboos of the past has been the danger of 'short stroking' a bullet. Short stroking means leaving a space between the powder and bullet by not ramming the bullet all the way down onto the powder charge. This is indeed a risk to the hurrying hunter as a tightly fitting short stroked bullet potentially acts like a bore obstruction. Round balls with patch, most interference-fit sabots and almost all old-style shorter elongated bullets are oversize, requiring the shooter to beat them into the grooves with a short starter, sometimes even using a mallet.
In contrast, the White Muzzleloading Systems bullets do not fit the bore tightly until fired. The inherent inertia of the elongated bullets causes them to shorten and expand into the rifling only on firing. This means that a White Shooting System bullet must be firmly positioned on the powder to perform optimally. Even a small space between powder and bullet lessens the desired inertial effect, resulting in defective shortening and expansion of the bullet and consequent poor engagement with the rifling.
If the bullet is loaded with a substantial gap between bullet and powder, then the bullet will fail to expand, merely skidding along the lands and exiting the barrel before pressures ever get high enough to damage it. In fact, it will slip out of the bore just as easily as it slipped in, thus providing the System and the shooter with a built-in safety valve.
Unfortunately, this is also a great way to guarantee a miss.
The only exception occurs when enough powder residue builds up to cause the bullet to stick in the barrel. This usually happens only with the use of Black Powder, poor cleaning practices and/or use of our competitor's oversize hard-loading bullets. Thus, it is imperative that you do not exceed the chart of recommended loads supplied with your White designed rifle and that you carefully follow loading directions.
Likewise, it's also imperative, if you are shooting a rifle other than a White, that you follow your manufacturer's directions and not exceed their recommended powder charges for that particular rifle.
NOTE: A TIGHTLY STUCK 'SHORT-STROKED' BULLET CAN CAUSE DISRUPTION OF ANY RIFLE. SUCH AN EVENT WILL LIKELY INJURE OR KILL THE SHOOTER OR BYSTANDERS.
IF A BULLET OF ANY MAKE, INCLUDING A WHITE DESIGN, STICKS IN THE BARREL, THE SHOOTER MUST NOT ATTEMPT TO SHOOT IT OUT.
INSTEAD, REMOVE THE BULLET WITH THE BULLET PULLER LOCATED BENEATH THE CLEANING JAG ON THE RAMROD, OR REMOVE THE NIPPLE-BREECHPLUG AND RAM THE BULLET OUT OF THE BARREL. THEN CLEAN THE BARREL BEFORE REPLACING THE NIPPLE-BREECHPLUG AND RELOADING.
White designed rifles, if not others, are engineered for easy nipple-breechplug removal and replacement. Shooters should take advantage of this easy care safety feature.
Avoid Short stroking
Obviously, it's best never to "short stroke" a bullet. The shooter should be careful to load the bullet firmly down on the powder. Marking the ramrod is helpful.
Using a Quickcharger or similar speed-loading aid is also useful as the shooter can carefully load them at home when events are easy to control. Loading from the flask in the field or on the hunt with loose bullets is an invitation to disaster unless the shooter is experienced, well practiced and is the master of his emotions, feats at which few of us qualify when the "bull of the woods" strolls out of the timber.
The Machinery of MuzzleLoading
The White Muzzleloading System would not be possible without the machinery and gadgetry of our modern day. White products are Design Engineered to take full advantage of computer aided (CAD-CAM) design, Computer Numerical Controlled (CNC) milling machines and lathes, automated carving and sanding machines, as well as ultra-modern metallurgical and fibercomposite technology. The use of such modern manufacturing aids is designed into the guns and accessories.
Yet, many production techniques remain the same as in prior centuries. Meticulous attention to detail, use of highest quality materials, compulsive quality control, imaginative design work, pride in workmanship and intensive handwork is a mark of quality that cannot escape attention
The truly unique thing about all this is the market advantage that the System gives the modern hunter and shooter. In past days, truly high quality arms were relatively expensive and hard to get. There were few who could afford the high cost or the long wait. Now, with all the advantages of the White Muzzleloading System, not just in the shooting but in the manufacturing, truly high quality arms are commonly available off the shelf at relatively low cost. Almost anyone can afford one and almost everyone can get excellent results with a bit of practice and attention to detail.
The White Muzzleloading System isn't complete without speed loaders like the old White Quickcharger or the new White SuperCharger for quickest reloading, quick detachable scope mounts and rings, cleaning kits with PowerClean cleaning concentrate, Super-Blue moly grease so the nipple-breechplug will never stick, Super-T-Grips for easy ramrod use and many other innovative and useful accessories.
All White products are currently produced and distributed under license by WhiteRifles LLC, Linden, Utah.. Click on 'whiterifles.com' for further info or hit the WhiteRifles link found here and there in this ‘whitemuzzleloading.com’ website.
THE WHITE MUZZLELOADING SYSTEM IS DEFINED BY ITS SHALLOW GROOVE, FAST TWIST RIFLING, LOADED WITH DESIGN-INTEGRATED SLIP FIT, LUBRICATED, MULTI CHANNELURED, ENHANCED LEAD BULLETS OR LUBRICATED SABOTS, FIRED WITH LOW-RESIDUE BLACK POWDER SUBSTITUTES OVER ONE PIECE NIPPLE-BREECHPLUGS.
THE WHITE MUZZELOADING SYSTEM WORKS. EACH COMPONENT, WHETHER RIFLE, BULLET OR ACCESSORY, WILL WORK BY ITSELF WITH OTHER COMPETING COMPONENTS NOT ESPECIALLY DESIGNED TO MATCH.
HOWEVER, IF WHITE DESIGNED PRODUCTS ARE USED WITH MATCHING DESIGN-INTEGRATED COMPONENTS AND ACCESSORIES, PERFORMANCE WILL NOT BE JUST ENHANCED, BUT WILL BE BOOSTED TO LEVELS FAR BEYOND ORDINARY EXPECTATIONS.
THE DESIGN-INTEGRATED PERFORMANCE CURVE IS NOT LINEAR BUT IS GEOMETRIC, RISING RAPIDLY TO A PINNACLE OF PERFORMANCE RARELY APPRECIATED.
Good Hunting ‘Doc’ White
Look at the Quick-Chargers in the carrier on the butt of the M98. This is an easy way to speed a fast second shot . Of course , you never want to have to use a second shot, but you'd best be prepared to use one when hunting anything that can bite back. Those big tusks are razor sharp.